WIND ENERGY IN BRAZIL: EVOLUTION, CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES

Rodrigo Jambeiro Pinto, Vivianni Marques Leite dos Santos

Abstract


The significant concentration of the world energy matrix in polluting sources and prices subject to instabilities, such as fossil fuels, has raised the search for countries by technologies and alternative sources, among them wind energy, as a way to increase security in energy supply and reduce the emission of gases responsible for the greenhouse effect. Thus, through a bibliographical research, the objective of this work is to systematize the potential of wind energy, through a study of evolution, challenges and perspectives, consolidate in the Brazilian energy matrix and contribute, in the long run, to a greater decentralization of and less dependence on non-renewable sources. In this sense, Brazil, benefited by natural factors and the development of the national industry, has favorable conditions for the exploration of this form of energy and has experienced great evolution, with wind energy being among the fastest growing in Brazil and being the second most competitive source of energy Brazilian energy matrix. However, the need to improve the logistics infrastructure, expand transmission lines, improvement in the planning of the start-up dates of wind power plants, as well as create a new policy to encourage renewable energies and make greater investments in research and development appear as important goals to be achieved so that wind energy can in fact consolidate in the national scenario.

Keywords


Energy matrix; Renewable energy; Sustainability.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.24212/2179-3565.2019v10i1p124-142

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