Luso-Brazilian antiscorbutic herbs

Vera Cecília Machline

Abstract


Not only Iberian physicians such as João Curvo Semmedo and Francisco Suárez de Rivera participated in the 17th and 18th-century endeavor of seeking cures for scurvy. Besides those Luso-Hispanic iatrochemists, at least three Portuguese-born surgeons who resided in the Brazilian colony also took part in this crusade. As detailed here Luis Gomes Ferreyra, Jozé Antonio Mendes and João Cardoso de Miranda – each in his own way – advocated that the herb popularly called mastruço in Portuguese (American wormseed in English) had antiscorbutic properties. Presently known as Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm., this plant was considered by Gomes Ferreyra to be identical with the one named erva-de-santa-maria (in English, lesser swine-cress) or Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants. Incidentally, such confusion is still common in Brazil.

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