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CPR Infant - Review AHA guidelines for infants are under the age of 12 months

"Carmel Pittman" (2018-08-28)


Infant - Review

AHA guidelines for infants are under the age of 12 months. The same C-A-B process is performed with the infant as with children and adults, besides a few important differences.

Make sure to perform 5 reps before calling 911, unless someone else can. Make sure to place 2 fingers just under the nipples and below the middle of the chest. Unlike children and adults you'll place your mouth over the infant's mouth and nose. The same ration of C-A-B's are used 30:2 at 100 compressions a minute with 1 second breaths.

Child Review

AHA guidelines for children are from ages 1-8. The same process is performed with the child as you would with an adult besides a few differences.

Make sure to perform CPR before calling 911. The ratio of chest compressions to breathing is 30:2. Look, Listen and feel for breathing. Make sure nothing is blocking the airway. Squeeze the nose shut and perform the Breathing task.

Adult Review

Check to see if the patient is conscious by shouting "Are you okay?" several times. If the patient doesn't respond, immediately call 911. Then perform the C-A-B's. Circulation - use 2 hands for chest compressions at a ratio of 100 per minute-30 compressions then mouth-to-mouth. Airway - tilt the head back and listen for breathing and then look for any response. Breathing - mouth-to-mouth - pinch nose shut sealing the patient's mouth with yours and breathe once checking for the patient's chest to inflate. If not, perform the airway technique until chest inflates. 2 breaths every 30 chest compressions-each breath, 1 second.

Remember the order of the tasks being: Circulation, Airway, Breathing (C-A-B).

First-Aid Review

When dealing with Amputations make sure to call 911 immediately. Control the blood loss by bandaging the stump. Manage the limb appropriately by keeping it in a sealed plastic bag on top of ice.

Treatments for Bites Hepatitis A, B, C Virus
o Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
o Other disease pathogens
o Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

AIDS is the final stage of HIV, caused by damage to the immune system.

Difference between Acute and Chronic
Acute: First time infected.
Chronic: Second time infected, or more.

OSHA required Prevention:

o Engineering Controls
o Work Practices
o Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
o Universal Precautions
o Body Substance Isolation (BSI)

Engineering Controls

o Labeling of Infectious materials, cleaning, disposing, documenting, containment.

Sharp with Engineered Sharps Injury Protections (SESIP)

o Retractable needles, retractable finger-prick, needleless systems.

Proper recapping of needles

o One-handed motion
o Mechanical device


o Document injury
o Testing-successions
o Safe sexual contact
o Therapy/Counseling
o Stop breastfeeding
o Immediate evaluation of presumed illnesses

Work Practices

o Proper usage of tools
o Workstation and environment
o Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

o Equipment used for prevention of Bloodborne Pathogens and OPIM's.

Universal Precautions

All blood and other body fluids are to be considered infected besides

o Vomit, Nasal Fluids, Sweat, Tears, Saliva, Sputum, Urine

Body Substance Isolation (BSI)

BSI practices are used to lessen the chances of transmissions of any diseases and/or infections-all fluids are to be suspected of infectious diseases.

For Certification visit:

website Basic Life Support, CPR and First-Aid

If you have any concerns about exactly where and how to use, you can get in touch with us at the web page.