DEFINITIONS AND PRACTICES OF RELIGIOUS MINORITIES IN THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PORTUGUESE STATE: WAYS OF INSTRUMENTALIZATION BY THE MAJORITY

Paulo Mendes Pinto

Resumo


Over the last quarter of the 20th century, the newborn democratic regime of Portugal sought not to antagonize the Catholic hierarchy. Aware of the clerical weakened position (after the April Revolution in 1974), the left-wing political forces that gained power after 1974, subtracted little from the church's institutions's public domain.Far from withdrawing those acquired rights, it was given a place to a system where minorities were given the opportunity to rise to the same level of respect that the state granted to the dominant religion. For example, through airtime on radio and public television and confessional space of schools. Because of the value  and the respect that are gained, minorities adhered and still adhere to these models defending it as the most perfect realization - as the redaction of the Religious Freedom Act of 2001 reflects perfectly. Today, we have minorities supporting the status quo, defending the place and position of the Catholic church for fear of losing their rights by, in practice, decreasing  the power of the majority.

Palavras-chave


Religious minorities; institutional relation model; freedom of religion; Portugal

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23925/1980-8305.2017.i30p332-337

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