• Sarah Mesquita Lima Universidade De Fortaleza (UNIFOR)
  • Vladia Celia Monteiro Pinheiro Universidade De Fortaleza (UNIFOR)
  • José Dickson Araújo de Oliveira Universidade De Fortaleza (UNIFOR)
  • Carlos De Oliveira Caminha Neto Universidade De Fortaleza (UNIFOR)
  • André Soares Lopes Universidade De Fortaleza (UNIFOR)



Business models, Electric vehicles, Sharing vehicles


It is very important that we may propose solution that allow us to diminish the consumption of gas and oil to run our light vehicle fleet. In this sense, a good alternative to the oil-dependent vehicles are the electric vehicles, although, consumers are resistant in adopting the electric car. A solution that was identified is electric car sharing. Considering the importance of promoting and diffusion of electric car-sharing, this paper aims to present the characterization of such business models implemented around the world, by using secondary-data analysis from each observed case, employing an adapted version of Weiller and Neely (2013) characterization model. The current research is a descriptive and qualitative based multiple-case study. The population is of 20 electric-car sharing models, located in 14 different countries. It was observed that the cost reduction of batteries accompanies the reduction of electric-car ownership cost. Moreover, the characterized business models did not make it any easier for technological innovation. It was also noted that predominantly, the risks and costs of electricity are borne by the service providers (taxed); that models encourage change in customer behavior; and that the models are not advantageous for long distances, given the low autonomy of the vehicles and restrictions of reach of the companies. Results corroborate Bohnsack, Pinkse and Kolk (2014), as it observes services-oriented business models. However, regarding the fear of limited vehicle autonomy, reported by Egbue and Long (2012) and Lim, Mak and Rong (2014), business models are not being elaborated and executed in the sense of solving it, which can be indicated as a discouraging factor to use of shared vehicles.