Vertical Farming

Vertical Farming; an Innovative Agricultural Method to the Urban and Environmentally Sustainable Development


  • Amir Faraji Construction Project Management Dep., Faculty of Architecture, KHATAM University
  • Ali Hosseini Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Structure Engineering, Technical and Vocational University (TVU)
  • Mahdiyehi Zeinali Kermani Department of urban planning, Faculty of Architecture and urban planning , Islamic Azad University
  • Negin Mashatan School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch
  • Shafiee Ardestani Lecturer of Sepehr Danesh Moaser Institute of Higher Education



Vertical Farming, Architectural design, Urban Development, Environment, Sustainability



Of those issues that have concerned the government, academics and the public throughout the world, urban sprawl is one of the most prominent. There are conflicting views toward this growing trend. While it has been taken as a positive development in many newly emerging cities, it is increasingly perceived as a threat to the urban environment and considered as a trigger for numerous social problems, such as food shortages, increasing energy usage, global warming and deterioration of environment and urban areas. one feasible solution which can tackle this issue is vertical farming (VF). Promoting vertical farms in the cities can affect urban areas at the environmental, social and economic levels. Vertical farms do indeed have many advantages. A combination of new technologies in the fields of architecture, engineering and agriculture is needed to achieve maximum yield in this approach. therefore, this study is aimed to evaluate the advantages and possibility of vertical farming by reviewing existing and researched VF projects worldwide from 2005 to 2022. The aspects and phenomenon are derived from literature. The aspects offered can be a guide for implementation development and planning for innovative and farming industries of Vertical Farming in undeveloped countries.


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