Grameen Bank and Community Development Banks: A Comparative Analysis


  • Erika Campanharo de Moraes Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP
  • Arnaldo Mazzei Nogueira Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP
  • Regina Maria da Luz Vieira Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP



Social and Solidarity Economy, Social Business, Microcredit Grameen Bank, Community Development Banks.


The purpose of this paper is to show the work of Community Development Banks (BCDs) as compared to the original Grameen Bank, indicating a fertile field of microcredit experiences that opens up the possibility of alternatives to reducing social inequality and increased opportunities for income and work to segments at the base of the pyramid. So the topic is included in the areas of Social and Solidarity Economy (ESS) and Social Management. Based on a bibliographical and documentary research on the Grameen Bank and the Banco Palmas, it was possible to describe pioneering bank performance characteristics in operation with microcredit, Grameen Bank, and also BCDs working characteristics in Brazil. It was found that there are differences in the operating mode between the first bank and the Brazilian BCDs, although the essence and purpose is the same: encouraging the local community to improve the quality of life of its residents. This research shows that in the ways of organization and business, respect for culture and local needs should prevail as opposed to imposing based performance rules based on outside interests to communities.

Author Biographies

Erika Campanharo de Moraes, Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP

Mestranda no Programa de Estudos Pós Graduados em Administração - PEPGA-PUCSP.

Arnaldo Mazzei Nogueira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP

Professor titular da PUCSP e atual coordenador do curso de Administração da PUCSP; professor e pesquisador no PEPGA-PUCSP; professor doutor 2 da FEA-USP; Doutor em Ciências Sociais (1996) e Mestre em Ciência Política no IFCH-Unicamp (1990).

Regina Maria da Luz Vieira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica SP

Pós doutoranda no Programa de Estudos Pós Graduados em Administração - PEPGA-PUCSP.